Headache & Migraine


What are Headaches & Migraines

According to the World Health Organization, headache disorders, characterized by recurrent headache, are among the most common disorders of the central nervous system. Headache itself is a painful and disabling feature of a small number of primary headache disorders, namely migraine, tension-type headache, and cluster headache. Headache can also be caused by or occur secondarily to a long list of other conditions, the most common of which is medication-overuse headache.

Common Symptoms

Common symptoms of headaches and migraines include:

  • Dizziness

  • Nausea

  • Pain in the eyes when looking into bright lights

  • Stroke

  • Tenderness of scalp

  • Tightness sensation in the head

  • Vertigo

  • Vomitting

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Impacted Areas of the Brain

Due to the many factors that may lead to a headache or migraine, it is difficult to pinpoint a region of the brain that is responsible for the discomfort. However, an area called the sensory motor cortex, located in the parietal lobe, is responsible for the interpretation and sensation of pain. Reduced blood flow in this specific region has been associated with headache pain.

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