What is ADD/ADHD

According to the National Institute of Mental Health, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADD & ADHD) is a disorder marked by an ongoing pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity that interferes with functioning or development. While it’s normal to occasionally daydream, fidget, act without thinking or forget things, these indicators of inattention, impulsivity and hyperactivity are also key signs of ADHD (attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder).

Common Symptoms

Symptoms of ADHD include difficulty staying focused and paying attention, difficulty controlling behavior, and hyperactivity (over-activity). Inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity are the key behaviors of ADHD. It is normal for people to be inattentive, hyperactive, or impulsive to a certain degree, but people with ADHD exhibit these behaviors regularly and to greater degrees.

Other common symptoms include:

  • Distractibility

  • Rapid boredom

  • Not listening

  • Daydreaming

  • Fidgeting

  • Talking nonstop

  • Having trouble sitting still

  • Impatient

  • Inappropriate comments

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Impacted Areas of the Brain

The frontal lobe and the anterior cingulate gyrus are key regions of the brain that are responsible for attention, focus, and concentration. Often, ADD/ADHD is a result of reduced blood flow to these areas. Reduced functionality of the frontal lobe and anterior cingulate gyrus can lead to the common symptoms associated with ADD/ADHD.

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